Tuesday, July 31, 2012
How you take care of your child’s teeth now will determine what kind of smile they have when they are an adult. When a child is born they already have their 20 baby teeth present under their gums. Some babies are even born with teeth exposed or their teeth come in very early. Every child is different. The average age for a baby to start getting their teeth is 6 months. By the age of 3 most children have all 20 of their baby teeth.
Babies can get cavities. The ADA (American Dental Association) recommends that you start cleaning your baby’s gums when they are just a few days old. Dampen a square gauze pad or a soft wash cloth and rub gently across your baby’s gums. When teeth start to appear use a child’s size toothbrush and water to brush your baby’s teeth. As soon as your child turns 2, start brushing with a pea sized amount of toothpaste and have your child spit it out when done. You’ll want to ask your dentist or pediatrician if you should use fluorinated or non fluorinated toothpaste. This will depend on if your child is able to spit, if your tap water is fluorinated and if you give your child fluoride supplements. Parents should continue brushing their child’s teeth twice a day until she can take over the brushing on her own, which is usually around age 6 or 7. As soon as she has two teeth that touch you will need to help her floss her teeth daily.
ADA recommends that you take your child to the dentist around their first birthday. After their initial visit you can ask your dentist how often you should bring her back. This visit is to allow your child to start getting familiar with going to the dentist. Your dentist will inspect her mouth and make sure everything is healthy and to check for cavities. The dentist will clean her teeth and make any suggestions to you regarding caring for her teeth and gums.
Cavities can be caused by bacteria transferred by saliva from the mother’s mouth. For this reason it is not recommended that you clean your baby’s pacifier by putting it into your mouth or that you eat off of your baby’s spoon during feeding time.
Baby teeth are important because they hold spaces for the permanent teeth. If a baby tooth is lost too early the permanent teeth can drift into the open space and then come in crooked. Your dentist will use a spacer to hold open the spot where the baby tooth was lost if it is lost too early.
The proper technique for brushing is to hold the toothbrush at a 45 degree angle to the gums and brush back and forth covering each tooth. Brush all surfaces of the teeth. Your child should brush her teeth for 2 minutes. Flossing should be done once a day. Make sure to brush her tongue to remove bacteria and to get rid of bad breath. Tooth brushes should be replaced as soon as the bristles start to fray or every 3 months. It’s also a good idea to replace your child’s tooth brush if she has been ill. Rinsing with a fluoride rinse at the end of brushing is also a way to prevent cavities, should your child’s dentist recommend doing so.
As soon as your child has molars the dentist may put a sealant on them. The sealant fills up the crevices on the surface of the teeth that are more likely to get a cavity. It does not hurt to get sealant put on your teeth and it is often covered by dental insurance. Your dentist will also give your child a fluoride treatment during their exam, but this treatment is optional.
Your child’s diet can affect the health of her teeth. Even watered down fruit juice is bad for your child’s teeth. Water should be offered instead of sugary beverages. Sticky foods like fruit snacks or raisins can also have negative effects on your child’s teeth. Once your child has brushed her teeth in the morning, when she drinks or eats afterwards have her rinse her mouth with water a few times. She should avoid eating after she’s brushed her teeth for the night.
To keep your child’s teeth and body healthy it’s important that they are eating a healthy diet. According to MyPlate, which is the new food pyramid, fruits and vegetables should make up half of your child’s diet. At least half of the grains that she consumes need to be whole grain. Proteins should be lean when possible, eggs, beans, chicken breast, lean beef and fish. Dairy is very important to build strong teeth and bones, but make sure you are choosing low-fat dairy options.
For babies, avoid putting anything other than milk, breast milk, or formula into a bottle. Never put a child to bed with a bottle. This can cause bottle rot or baby bottle tooth decay, which is very damaging to young teeth. This condition usually only affects the front teeth, but has been known to affect other teeth. Encourage your child to drink out of a regular cup by their first birthday. Extended use of sippy cups is also not recommended.
Monday, July 30, 2012
Forget egosurfing for a second and ask yourself, how much can people learn about you by simply Googling you? The idea behind the Google Yourself Challenge is: friends, relatives, recruiters, hiring managers, and even strangers may be searching for you on the web, Google yourself first and control what people can learn about you online.
Here are some statistics on who is looking for your data:
- 81% of millennials Google or Facebook their date before going out
- 79% of recuiters and hiring managers screen applicants by information available online
- 86% of hiring managers have rejected someone based on information available online
- 7 in 10 internet users search online for information about others
July 29th, 2012 by admin
Have a comfy shirt with a small stain? Looking to refresh a faded favorite? With tie dye an old shirt is easily made new again. Follow these steps to create a heart tie dye shirt design.
- Start by mixing up some fabric dye. Use any colors you like or different shades of the same color. Pour the dye into clear squirt bottles, (like the kind that ketchup and mustard come in at a diner). You can find squirt bottles at most craft stores. Label each one with some tape so that you know which color each bottle holds.
- Lay out a damp, prewashed, old or new shirt that is either white or light-colored flat on a plastic covered surface. You can use an old picnic table cloth, a garbage bag, or the plastic that you would use to protect your furniture when painting.
- Fold the shirt in half lengthwise and smooth out all of the wrinkles. Take a water soluble fabric marker and draw half a heart in the middle of the shirt. The size of the heart will depend on the size of the shirt. Keep in mind that you want to have room for other colors around the heart so don’t make it too big.
- Start from the center fold and gather the T-shirt along the heart line that you just drew. Make sure to keep the line straight and on top of your gathers. Tie a rubber band right where the line is.
- Gather the rest of the shirt into a snake and continue to rubber band sections of the shirt. These segments will be the surrounding stripes so keep that in mind when you are banding the shirt. You’ll want to space the bands about 3 to 4” apart.
- Now you are ready to dye the shirt. Choose what color you want the heart to be. Add the dye to the first section of shirt. If you’d like the heart to be outlined you can add a line of black dye right at the rubber band. Keep in mind when you are choosing your colors that the shirt is wet so there will be some bleeding. If you dye one section yellow and you want the next section to be red then there will end up being a section of orange in between as both sections will bleed together.
- Continue adding different colors down the rest of the snake. You can make each segment a different color, or alternate a few different colors. One good choice is dying the shirt in rainbow order. Red, (orange), yellow, (green), blue, and purple. The colors in the parentheses will be the mixed colors that you don’t need to add.
- Once the first side is done, flip the shirt over and do the same thing to the other side. Use the same colors in the same order.
- Now that all of the dye is on you need to leave the shirt for about 6 to 8 hours so that the dye can set.
- After the shirt has set for 6 to 8 hours you can rinse out the remaining dye. Leave the rubber bands on for this step. Once most of the dye is out of the shirt you can remove the rubber bands and check out your masterpiece. Wash and line dry the shirt for the most intense colors.
8 Predictions for the Future of Academic Publishing
University presses and academic journals may perpetuate the world’s most groundbreaking research, but they tend towards the heavily conservative when it comes to changing anything and everything about their organization. But the inevitable influx of digital and new media ventures has already started trickling into the tightknit institutions, and many scholars are already calling for a dismantling of the old — and often unwieldy and inaccessible! Some of the latest experiments will stick, while others will go all Crystal Pepsi on humanity. Until time decides to tell, the following represent a few things academics are saying about where their research might be headed.
- With the popularity of MIT OpenCourseWare, TED, Khan Academy, Open Culture, and other beloved open access initiatives, academic publishers might yank some inspiration from their setups. Transitioning from paid subscriptions to journals will result in some egregious costs — an estimated £60 million in the UK, for example — but caves to the precedent already set by open source. Consumers used to snapping up research for free likely won’t want to pay for it, making the more traditional models die out over time.
- In the U.S., researchers hope to fight the encroach of open source with legislation. Known as the Research Works Act, it sought to block research backed by public schools from free availability — even though, as many pointed out, such a measure would functionally bar Americans from accessing the studies for which their taxes paid. While the bill eventually died out in February 2012, the future could see similar propositions crop up and completely alter the way citizens access academic studies. By legally protecting the system allowing (or even requiring) them to pay even more money for research they already funded, essentially.
- Somewhere between profiting and populism sits the Creative Commons suite of licensing options, which economics expert Rajiv Sethi believes might appeal to many future academic publishers. Creative Commons offers up many different ways for researchers to choose how readers access and share their information, making the process far more autonomous than open source, but more approachable than charging to read. Since the professor’s 2010 predictions, some publications have experimented with the format to their ultimate satisfaction, rendering it another possible route for the scholarly world to take.
- Yet another strategy for delivering research to the masses involves the authors themselves paying the publishers to make their work available to readers completely gratis. It’s a form of open source that ensures the business’ survival without forcing American taxpayers to shell out once more, and Michael P. Taylor’s opinion column at The Scientist lauds the process as especially ideal for lesser-funded colleges and universities who lack the budget for buying up a library full of expensive journals. Such a solution benefits everyone involved while remaining true to academic publishing’s (ostensible) core goals.
- Like most publishing these days, the academic variety is expected to start following suit when it comes to adapting to ebook readers and other digital technologies. Organizations such as JISC actively encourage scholarly publications to embrace the latest developments and bring their knowledge to the more “plugged-in” masses. So far, it seems to be working, albeit slowly. But the group hopes the relatively recent release of The Digital Monograph Technical Landscape will offer up even more incentive and information easing the transition to new mediums.
- Way back in the dark ages of 2009, Phil Pochoda was exploring the possibility of journals courting both digital and traditional media simultaneously, outlining how they could juggle the two and meet multiple consumer demands. One of the more interesting uses he posits revolves around incorporating more and more social media efforts into the promotional fold. Taking advantage of Facebook, Twitter, Goodreads, and similar resources means connecting the researchers themselves to their intended audiences, opening up informal dialogues and allowing for question and answer sessions. Which might very well lead to even further research!
- The Elsevier controversy of 2012 prompted blogger, data scientist, and math enthusiast Cathy O’Neil to reflect on the future of peer-reviewing and “refereeing” published works. She expresses an eagerness to see that component of the process spread out to fellow professionals as opposed to editors, and even sees some value in promoting crowdsourced checks and balances. However, the system would need considerable regulating and demarcating to ensure the reliable standards currently in place with the more traditional system. Any progress towards this possibility will inevitably crawl at a rather sluggish clip, but it does make sense when one considers the more democratic open source initiatives gaining momentum right now.
- Peer reviews typically involve a double-blind process where neither submitter nor editor knows who wrote up the research at hand in order to prevent bias. But around 2011, some – such as those published by The American Economic Association – sloughed off the format altogether in an obviously quite controversial move. Doing so, they believe, facilitates greater transparency and accountability on the part of the peer reviewers. It’s a newer trend, one which might need a little adjusting over time, but one that could mean a massive shift in how academics approach their studies.
Friday, July 27, 2012
They Label This An Anti-Alzheimer Exercise
To keep a sharp mind and have some fun.
To keep a sharp mind and have some fun.
Can you see 10 faces in this tree?
There's a face in here. Can you see it?
Can you see the baby?
Can you see the kissing couple?
Can you see the three women?
Can you tell the difference
between a horse and a frog?
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